Portion of Somali territory under Ethiopian colonization.
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Portion of Somali territory under Ethiopian colonization.

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Published by Government Publications, Somali Democratic Republic in Mogadishu .
Written in English



  • Somalia,
  • Ethiopia,
  • Eritrea


  • Somalia -- Boundaries -- Ethiopia.,
  • Ethiopia -- Boundaries -- Somalia.,
  • Eritrea -- Politics and government -- 1962-1993.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Cover title.

LC ClassificationsDT403 .P67
The Physical Object
Pagination69 p., [24] leaves of plates :
Number of Pages69
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4596111M
LC Control Number77358647

Download Portion of Somali territory under Ethiopian colonization.


  The other country that had their hand in the colonization of Somalia was Ethiopia. During the colonization period Ethiopia remained free from European occupation. The two countries shared the east and west boarders, which allowed Ethiopia to gain power over Somalia and become a treat to European Nations. Their leader Emperor Menelik II competed with Britain and Italy over Somalia territory claiming that it was part of Ethiopia. Ethiopia ended up receiving a small division of the land they competed for (Somalia: History and Politics). Italy and Britain, the two major countries colonizing Somalia into British Somaliland and Somalia Italiana had separate uses for their power. Italy was the only country to have a legitimate plan for their colonization (Chaplin).   The sections related to east Africa, particularly the Somali Coasts from al-Idrisi's book, are well exploited by C. Guillain in his Documents sur l'histoire, [A History of the Exploration of Africa and its Colonization]. Cairo: [The Portion of Somali Territory Under Ethiopian Colonization Cited by: 7. Why Ethiopian Colonization of Somalia is hidden from the outside World? By Waagacusub Somali people are very concerned about the Ethiopian occupation in their territory, Waagacusub Media, an Investigative news outlet, has obtained that at least six Ethiopian Generals freely operate in Hargeisa, Garowe, Kismayo, Dhusamareeb, Baydhabo, and Mogadishu.

When the results were published, Jomo Kenyatta, a Kenyan nationalist leader, threatened the British to throw the colonists out if they gave a part of the territory up to Somalia. So Great Britain decided not to take the referendum into account, and today an important Somali community is still living in Kenya. By the s the Suez Canal was complete, with French occupying a small portion of Somalia that later became the country of Djibouti. In Britain declared Somaliland a protectorate, leading to an Anglo-French agreement to define borders between the countries new colonies of British Somaliland . mention that in Ethiopian troops invaded Somalia with the support of the United States under the pretext of the “war on terror” (Khayre, ).As a result, the invasion.   Italy maintained control of Italian Somaliland as a part of its African empire (including Ethiopia and Eritrea) until During WWII Great Britain also took over these areas and ruled them as military protectorates until , at which time the newly formed United Nations granted Italy a trusteeship over most of present-day Somalia.

Timeline of Somalia's Colonization to Independence. Britain initiates first contact with Somalia. They take control of the Suez Canal area primarily for trade with India. Also, the protectorate of British Somaliland is established. The Somali people can be traced back about two thousand years. They are part of a wide group of peoples of the Horn of Africa called Eastern Cushites, and then from an early sub-group referred to as the Proto–Sam. The branch that settled in southern Somalia as agro-pastoralists after the first century CE came to be known as the Samaale. Ethiopia was never colonized. The Italians attempted to colonize Ethiopia twice. First, it was in Their efforts came down to a phenomenal battle at Adwa. They were utterly defeated, and Italy became the first country to recognize Ethiopia's. Somalia’s thirty years of civil war bear the indelible mark of the region’s former colonial powers, who imposed modern physical and cultural boundaries which became fault lines for conflict. In this respect, the Somali civil war has elements in common with other post-colonial African conflicts that produced mass atrocities in Rwanda, Sudan.